今天小编为大家准备了小学生必备的70个重点句型,这些句型不管是考试还是日常口语中都十分重要,一定要注意收藏哦!

图片 1

图片 21。
allow sb to do sth

今天小编为大家准备了小学生必备的70个重点句型,这些句型不管是考试还是日常口语中都十分重要,一定要注意收藏哦!

允许某人去做某事(后接动词不定式)

1。 allow sb to do sth 允许某人去做某事(后接动词不定式)

My father allowed me to go out for a walk after finishing my homework。

My father allowed me to go out for a walk after finishing my homework。

2。 asked sb (not) to do sth
叫某人做事某事(叫某人不要去做某事)

2。 asked sb (not) to do sth 叫某人做事某事(叫某人不要去做某事)

My father asked me to study hard。

My father asked me to study hard。

He asked me not to swim alone。

He asked me not to swim alone。

be asked to do sth 被叫去做某事/被邀请去做某事

be asked to do sth 被叫去做某事/被邀请去做某事

I was asked to have a dinner with them yesterday。

I was asked to have a dinner with them yesterday。

3。 be afraid to do sth 害怕做某事

3。 be afraid to do sth 害怕做某事

She is afraid to ask me questions。

She is afraid to ask me questions。

4。 be afaid of doing sth 害怕做某事

4。 be afaid of doing sth 害怕做某事

I am afraid of going out at night。

I am afraid of going out at night。

5。 be afaid of sth 害怕某物

5。 be afaid of sth 害怕某物

He is afraid of snakes。

He is afraid of snakes。

6。 be amazed to do sth 对做某事感到惊讶

6。 be amazed to do sth 对做某事感到惊讶

He was amazed to meet the girl there。

He was amazed to meet the girl there。

be amazed at sth 对某事感到惊讶

be amazed at sth 对某事感到惊讶

they were amazed at the news。

they were amazed at the news。

7。 be busy doing/with sth 忙于做某事(常考)

7。 be busy doing/with sth 忙于做某事(常考)

I was busy washing my car at that time。 那时候我正忙于清洗我的车子。

I was busy washing my car at that time。 那时候我正忙于清洗我的车子。

I am busy with my work。

I am busy with my work。

8。
becoming/going/leaving/fiying/moving/dying(某些位移动词用进行时态时表将来)

8。
becoming/going/leaving/fiying/moving/dying(某些位移动词用进行时态时表将来)

the bus is coming/the dog is dying。

the bus is coming/the dog is dying。

9。 be excited to do sth 对做……感到兴奋

9。 be excited to do sth 对做……感到兴奋

Jacky was excited to travel there by plane。

Jacky was excited to travel there by plane。

be excited at sth

be excited at sth

Lily was excited at his words。

Lily was excited at his words。

be excited about doing sth

be excited about doing sth

he was excited about passing the exam without going overing books。

he was excited about passing the exam without going overing books。

10。 be frightened to do sth 害怕去做某事

10。 be frightened to do sth 害怕去做某事

Sam is frightened to ride a horse。

Sam is frightened to ride a horse。

图片 311。
be glad/happy to do sth

11。 be glad/happy to do sth 高兴去做某事

高兴去做某事

She is happy to clean theblackboard with me。

She is happy to clean theblackboard with me。

be pleased to do sth高兴做某事

be pleased to do sth高兴做某事

She was pleased to helpthe old man yesterday。

She was pleased to helpthe old man yesterday。

be pleased with sth 对某事感到高兴/满意

be pleased with sth 对某事感到高兴/满意

The teacher was pleasedwith my answer。

The teacher was pleasedwith my answer。

12.be interested in sth/doing sth 对某事感兴趣/对做某事感兴趣

12.be interested in sth/doing sth 对某事感兴趣/对做某事感兴趣

She is interested inswimming in the river。

She is interested inswimming in the river。

My btother is interestedin Chinese。

My btother is interestedin Chinese。

13。 be/get ready for/to do sth

13。 be/get ready for/to do sth

be ready for 为某事做好了准备

be ready for 为某事做好了准备

We are ready for the exam。

We are ready for the exam。

Be ready to do sth 为做某事做好了准备

Be ready to do sth 为做某事做好了准备

We are ready to have a birthday party for her。

We are ready to have a birthday party for her。

get ready for sth为某事在做准备

get ready for sth为某事在做准备

We are getting ready for the exam。

We are getting ready for the exam。

14。 be surprised to do sth 对做某事感到惊奇

14。 be surprised to do sth 对做某事感到惊奇

be surprised at sth 对某事感到惊奇

be surprised at sth 对某事感到惊奇

This is nothing to be surprised at。

This is nothing to be surprised at。

I‘d be surprised to see him on such an occasion。

I‘d be surprised to see him on such an occasion。

15。 be worth doing sth 值得做某事(worth 后接动词-ing形式,常考)

15。 be worth doing sth 值得做某事(worth
后接动词-ing形式,常考)

It was too remote to be worth thinking about。

It was too remote to be worth thinking about。

16。 开始去做某事begin to do sth begin/start to do/doing sth

16。 开始去做某事begin to do sth begin/start to do/doing sth

When do children begin to go to school?

When do children begin to go to school?

17。 can/be able to afford (to buy) sth 有能力负担(购买)……

17。 can/be able to afford (to buy) sth 有能力负担(购买)……

At this rate we won‘t be able to afford a holiday。

At this rate we won‘t be able to afford a holiday。

18。 can/may/must do sth could/would/should/might do sth

18。 can/may/must do sth could/would/should/might do sth

We may come at another time。

We may come at another time。

19。 can‘t wait todo sth 迫不急待地去做某事

19。 can‘t wait todo sth 迫不急待地去做某事

I can’t wait to hear the news。

I can’t wait to hear the news。

20。 decide to do sth 决定去做某事

20。 decide to do sth 决定去做某事

make up one‘s mind to do sth 下决心去做某事(常考)

make up one‘s mind to do sth 下决心去做某事(常考)

make a decision to do sth 对做某事作出决定

make a decision to do sth 对做某事作出决定

What do they decide to do?

What do they decide to do?

I have made up my mind to go with him

I have made up my mind to go with him

21。 deserve to do sth 值得/应该做……

图片 421。
deserve to do sth

We must admit that she did deserve to win。

值得/应该做……

22。 encourage sb to do sth 鼓励某人去做某事

We must admit that she did deserve to win。

Encourage them to do some other helpful recreations。

22。 encourage sb to do sth 鼓励某人去做某事

23。 enjoy doing sth 喜欢去做某事

Encourage them to do some other helpful recreations。

I enjoy reading the story book

23。 enjoy doing sth 喜欢去做某事

24。 expect (sb) to do sth 期望去做某事

I enjoy reading the story book

Don‘t expect him to help you。

24。 expect (sb) to do sth 期望去做某事

25。 fail to do sth 做某事失败

Don‘t expect him to help you。

succeed doing sth 成功做了某事

25。 fail to do sth 做某事失败

If you don‘ t work, you willfail to pass the exam。

succeed doing sth 成功做了某事

26。 finish doing sth 做完某事(后接动词-ing形式)(常考)

If you don‘ t work, you willfail to pass the exam。

After finish doing your homework, you can have a rest。

26。 finish doing sth 做完某事(后接动词-ing形式)(常考)

27。 follow sb to do sth 跟随某人去做某事

After finish doing your homework, you can have a rest。

Follow me to read the new words。

27。 follow sb to do sth 跟随某人去做某事

28。 get sb to do sth / make sb do sth/ let sb do st
让某人做某事(后接动词原形)

Follow me to read the new words。

Her jokes made us laugh。

28。 get sb to do sth / make sb do sth/ let sb do st
让某人做某事(后接动词原形)

29。 get/have a chance to do sth 得到一个做某事的机会

Her jokes made us laugh。

I‘m very happy to have a chance to visit your school。

29。 get/have a chance to do sth 得到一个做某事的机会

30。 give/pass/show/lend/sell sb sth/sth to sb

I‘m very happy to have a chance to visit your school。

buy/get/bring sb sth/sth for sb

30。 give/pass/show/lend/sell sb sth/sth to sb

Please give me a piece of paper。

buy/get/bring sb sth/sth for sb

I bought him a drink in return for his help。

Please give me a piece of paper。

31。 go on to do sth /go on doing sth 继续做事(常考)

I bought him a drink in return for his help。

Go on doing the exercise after a short rest。

图片 531。
go on to do sth /go on doing sth

32。 hate to do/doing sth 讨厌/不喜欢做某事

继续做事(常考)

Ihate to tell the news to you。

Go on doing the exercise after a short rest。

33。 have fun doing sth 做某事很有趣

32。 hate to do/doing sth 讨厌/不喜欢做某事

Have fun getting to know each other。

Ihate to tell the news to you。

34。 have problems doing sth 做某事遇到困难

33。 have fun doing sth 做某事很有趣

Many people have problems getting to sleep at night。

Have fun getting to know each other。

35。 have sb do sth/have sth done 让某人做某事

34。 have problems doing sth 做某事遇到困难

This is the best work you have ever done。

Many people have problems getting to sleep at night。

36。 hear sb do sth 听到某人做某事(后接动词原形,常考)

35。 have sb do sth/have sth done 让某人做某事

hear sb doing sth 听到某人正在做某事(常见)

This is the best work you have ever done。

I heard someone laughing。

36。 hear sb do sth 听到某人做某事(后接动词原形,常考)

37。 help to do sth 帮忙做某事

hear sb doing sth 听到某人正在做某事(常见)

help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

I heard someone laughing。

I‘ll help you clean the room。

37。 help to do sth 帮忙做某事

38。 hope/wish to do sth 希望做某事

help sb (to) do sth 帮助某人做某事

wish sb to do sth 希望某人做某事

I‘ll help you clean the room。

I wish to take this opportunity to thank you all。

38。 hope/wish to do sth 希望做某事

39。 It seems that 这像是……(后接从句)

wish sb to do sth 希望某人做某事

seem to do sth

I wish to take this opportunity to thank you all。

seem +adj

39。 It seems that 这像是……(后接从句)

It‘seems that you are lying。

seem to do sth

Does that seem to make sense?

seem +adj

40。 It‘s + adj+(for sb) to do sth。

It‘seems that you are lying。

It‘s+adj +(of sb) to do sth

Does that seem to make sense?

It‘s glad for him to hear the news。

40。 It‘s + adj+(for sb) to do sth。

41。 It takes sb sometime/money to do sth 。
花费某人多长时间做某事(常考)

It‘s+adj +(of sb) to do sth

It takes me an hour to walk there and back。

It‘s glad for him to hear the news。

42。 pay …for… cost spend…on…。。 it take …to do sth 花费

图片 641。
It takes sb sometime/money to do sth 。

He paid for it out of his own pocket。

花费某人多长时间做某事(常考)

43。 It‘s best for sb to do sth。 对某人来说做某事是最好的

It takes me an hour to walk there and back。

It‘s best for you to do more exercise。

42。 pay …for… cost spend…on…。。 it take …to do sth 花费

had better do sth
最好做某事(注意had没有时态和人称的变化,better后接动词原形)

He paid for it out of his own pocket。

You had better go to the school。

43。 It‘s best for sb to do sth。 对某人来说做某事是最好的

44.It‘s time for sb to do sth 是某人做某事的时候了

It‘s best for you to do more exercise。

It‘s time for us to have dinner。

had better do sth
最好做某事(注意had没有时态和人称的变化,better后接动词原形)

45.keep (on)doing sth 坚持做某事(常考)

You had better go to the school。

John always kept (on) asking questions。

44.It‘s time for sb to do sth 是某人做某事的时候了

keep sb doing sth 让某人做某事(常考)

It‘s time for us to have dinner。

Don‘t keep me waiting。

45.keep (on)doing sth 坚持做某事(常考)

keep sbfrom doing sth 阻止某人做某事(常考)

John always kept (on) asking questions。

He keeps her from cutting the tree。

keep sb doing sth 让某人做某事(常考)

keep sb/sth +adj 使某人保持……的状态

Don‘t keep me waiting。

Washingyour hands keeps you healthy。

keep sbfrom doing sth 阻止某人做某事(常考)

46.learn to do sth 学做某事Ilearn to play football。

He keeps her from cutting the tree。

learn sth from sb 向某人学习

keep sb/sth +adj 使某人保持……的状态

I learn the spirit from him

Washingyour hands keeps you healthy。

47.like to do/doing sth 喜欢做某事like sb to do sth 喜欢某人做某事

46.learn to do sth 学做某事Ilearn to play football。

She likes swimming。/She likes to swim this afternoon。

learn sth from sb 向某人学习

48.need to do sth/ need doing sth/need to be done 需要做某事

I learn the spirit from him

The garden needs to be watered。 / The garden needs watering。

47.like to do/doing sth 喜欢做某事like sb to do sth
喜欢某人做某事

49。 prefer to do sth rather than do sth 宁愿……而不愿……(常考)

She likes swimming。/She likes to swim this afternoon。

I would prefer to spend the weekend at home rather than drive out。

48.need to do sth/ need doing sth/need to be done 需要做某事

prefer doing sth to doing sth 喜欢做……胜过做……

The garden needs to be watered。 / The garden needs watering。

I prefer reading books to going shopping。 比起购物来,我更爱读书。

49。 prefer to do sth rather than do sth 宁愿……而不愿……(常考)

preferto do sth 喜欢(爱)做某事

I would prefer to spend the weekend at home rather than drive out。

50。 refuse to do sth 拒绝做……

prefer doing sth to doing sth 喜欢做……胜过做……

I refuse to answer that question。

I prefer reading books to going shopping。 比起购物来,我更爱读书。

51。 remember/forget to do sth 记得/忘记做某事(没有发生)

preferto do sth 喜欢(爱)做某事

Please do remember to post a letter forme。务必记得帮我寄信。

50。 refuse to do sth 拒绝做……

remember/forget doing sth 记得/忘记做过某事

I refuse to answer that question。

I remember telling you the news before。我记得曾经告诉过你这个消息。

图片 751。
remember/forget to do sth

52。 see sb do sth 看见某人做某事(结果)

记得/忘记做某事(没有发生)

see sb doing sth 看见某人正在做某事(正在进行中)

Please do remember to post a letter forme。务必记得帮我寄信。

be seen to do sth 做某事被看见

remember/forget doing sth 记得/忘记做过某事

I saw them play football last weekend。

I remember telling you the news before。我记得曾经告诉过你这个消息。

I saw her cleaning the classroom。

52。 see sb do sth 看见某人做某事(结果)

I saw him get on the bus。= He was seen to get on the bus。

see sb doing sth 看见某人正在做某事(正在进行中)

53。 something to eat/drink
一些吃/喝的东西(词不定式放在something等后修饰这些词)

be seen to do sth 做某事被看见

I need something to eat。 我要一些吃的东西。

I saw them play football last weekend。

54。 spend some time (in)doing sth /on sth
花费时间做某事(注意动词要用ing形式)(常考)

I saw her cleaning the classroom。

I spent 2 hours on homework。= I spent 2 hours in doing homework。

I saw him get on the bus。= He was seen to get on the bus。

spend some money on sth/doing sth 买……花了多少钱

53。 something to eat/drink
一些吃/喝的东西(词不定式放在something等后修饰这些词)

I ofen spend some money on the book。 I ofen spend some money buying the
book。

I need something to eat。 我要一些吃的东西。

55。 Sth is hard/difficult/easy to do 。 做好某事很难/容易

54。 spend some time (in)doing sth /on sth
花费时间做某事(注意动词要用ing形式)(常考)

The question is easy to answer。

I spent 2 hours on homework。= I spent 2 hours in doing homework。

56。 stop to do sth停下来去某事(两件事)(常考)

spend some money on sth/doing sth 买……花了多少钱

stop doing sth 停止做某事(一件事)(常考)

I ofen spend some money on the book。 I ofen spend some money buying the
book。

stop sb (from) doing sth 阻止某人做某事(常考)

55。 Sth is hard/difficult/easy to do 。 做好某事很难/容易

The two girls stopped to talk to me when they saw me。

The question is easy to answer。

The two girls stopped talking when they saw me。

56。 stop to do sth停下来去某事(两件事)(常考)

I tried to stop my father from smoking,but failed。

stop doing sth 停止做某事(一件事)(常考)

57。 take turns to do sth 轮流做……

stop sb (from) doing sth 阻止某人做某事(常考)

They take turns to do the cleaning。

The two girls stopped to talk to me when they saw me。

58。 tell sb (not)to do sth 叫某人去(不要)做某事

The two girls stopped talking when they saw me。

He tell me not to swim in that lake。

I tried to stop my father from smoking,but failed。

59。 There is no need (for sb) to do sth 对某人来说没必要做某事

57。 take turns to do sth 轮流做……

There is no need for you to worry。

They take turns to do the cleaning。

60。 There is notime (for sb ) to do sth

58。 tell sb (not)to do sth 叫某人去(不要)做某事

have no time to do sth 没时间做某事

He tell me not to swim in that lake。

There is no time to think 。I have no time to do morning exercises。

59。 There is no need (for sb) to do sth
对某人来说没必要做某事

61。 too…(for sb) to …… so… that… not… enough to do …太……以致不能

There is no need for you to worry。

The boy is too young to go to school。

60。 There is notime (for sb ) to do sth

62。 try/do one‘s best to do sth 尽力去做某事

have no time to do sth 没时间做某事

try to do sth 试着(图)做某事

There is no time to think 。I have no time to do morning exercises。

We must try our best to do the job。

图片 8

63。 used to do sth 过去常做某事

61。 too…(for sb) to …… so… that… not… enough to do …太……以致不能

I used to live in the country。

The boy is too young to go to school。

used to be + adj/a +n 曾经是。。。

62。 try/do one‘s best to do sth 尽力去做某事

Mr wang used to be a teacher worker。

try to do sth 试着(图)做某事

64。 would like to do sth=want to do sth= feel like doing sth 想要做……

We must try our best to do the job。

want/would like sb to do sth 想某人做……

63。 used to do sth 过去常做某事

I don‘t feel like walking very much today。

I used to live in the country。

I would like you to go away。

used to be + adj/a +n 曾经是。。。

65。 warn sb (not) to do sth 警告某人做某事(或不要做某事)

Mr wang used to be a teacher worker。

His mother warned him not to go out in the evening。

64。 would like to do sth=want to do sth= feel like doing sth
想要做……

66。 Why don‘t you do sth ?= Why not do sth ?
为什么不……(表建议的句型,注意用动词原形)

want/would like sb to do sth 想某人做……

Why not have a rest?

I don‘t feel like walking very much today。

表示建议的句型还有:

I would like you to go away。

Shall we……?

65。 warn sb (not) to do sth 警告某人做某事(或不要做某事)

What /How about……?(如果是动词,要用ing形式)

His mother warned him not to go out in the evening。

How about going fishing?

66。 Why don‘t you do sth ?= Why not do sth ?
为什么不……(表建议的句型,注意用动词原形)

67。 Would you like (sb) to do sth ?Yes, I‘d love to 。

Why not have a rest?

Would you like to join us?

表示建议的句型还有:

Would you like me to buy you some food?

Shall we……?

68。 Would you mind doing sth ? 你介意做某事吗?

What /How about……?(如果是动词,要用ing形式)

回答:不介意(No+……)

How about going fishing?

Never mind/Not at all/Of course not/Certainly not 。
(从不介意/一点也不介意/当然不会了)

67。 Would you like (sb) to do sth ?Yes, I‘d love to 。

回答:介意(Yes+……)

Would you like to join us?

I‘m sorry but I do。/Sorry, you’d better not。/ I‘m afraid you can’t。

Would you like me to buy you some food?

-Would you mind my opening the door?

68。 Would you mind doing sth ? 你介意做某事吗?

– No,of course not。

回答:不介意(No+……)

69。 Would you please (not) do sth 你可不可以做(不做)……?

Never mind/Not at all/Of course not/Certainly not 。
(从不介意/一点也不介意/当然不会了)

Would you please open the door? / Would you please not close the
windows?

回答:介意(Yes+……)

70。常用固定短语

I‘m sorry but I do。/Sorry, you’d better not。/ I‘m afraid you can’t。

finish doing sth 完成某事

-Would you mind my opening the door?

She finished cleaning the room。

– No,of course not。

practise doing sth 练习做某事

69。 Would you please (not) do sth 你可不可以做(不做)……?

You‘d better practising reading and speaking English every day。

Would you please open the door? / Would you please not close the
windows?

be good at doing sth 擅长做某事

70。常用固定短语

I am good at playing basketball。

finish doing sth 完成某事

go on doing sth 继续做某事,指前后做的是同一件事。

She finished cleaning the room。

The students went on talking and laughing all the way。

practise doing sth 练习做某事

Go on doing the other exercise after you have finished this one。

You‘d better practising reading and speaking English every day。

be busy doing sth 忙于做某事

be good at doing sth 擅长做某事

I am busy in cleaning my room。

I am good at playing basketball。

see/hear/watch sb doing sth 听/看/观察到某人正在做某事

go on doing sth 继续做某事,指前后做的是同一件事。

I hear him singing。

The students went on talking and laughing all the way。

be afraid of doing sth 担心(害怕)会发生某事

Go on doing the other exercise after you have finished this one。

My little sister is afraid of staying at home alone。

be busy doing sth 忙于做某事

be interested in doing sth 对做某事的兴趣。

I am busy in cleaning my room。

I‘m interested in playing games。

see/hear/watch sb doing sth 听/看/观察到某人正在做某事

本文选自《李华说英语》的博客,请点击查看博客原文。

I hear him singing。

be afraid of doing sth 担心(害怕)会发生某事

My little sister is afraid of staying at home alone。

be interested in doing sth 对做某事的兴趣。

I‘m interested in playing games。

本文选自李华说英语的博客,点击查看原文。

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